Today Indian Space Research Organization ISRO launched its PSLV C37 rocket carrying 104 satellites in one go along with 101 foreign satellites. ISRO hereby has carved this launch in the history of space as none of the space agencies across the globe has achieved this record.
The launch took place from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Srihakota in Andhra Pradesh.ISRO got the go-ahead on Monday for its attempt to launch a record set of 104 satellites on a single rocket on Monday.
Its mission readiness review committee (MRRC) as well as the launch authorization board gave the green signal for launch of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) that carried the satellites.
The MRRC, Chairman K. Narayana and LAB led by Shar director P. Kunhi Krishnan, decided to commence the countdown at 5.28am on Tuesday.
The launching today has set a benchmark in the field of space. This would serve as an inspiration to the world and the aspiring astrnomers. Successful launch was appreciated by every proud Indian and the people across the globe. Prime Minister Narendra Modi lauded and expressed the victory of ISRO by tweeting. He also personally appreciated the Secretary of Space Department.
The President Pranab Mukherjee too encourage the mission’s success saying that ISRO should keep continuing to strive towards success.
Several Ministers too lauded the successful launcing of 104 satellites by tweeting. Also Amitabh Bachchan tweeted with a humorous picture of him and his son Abhishek Bachchan.
How the satellites will be placed?
Every satellite will be separated in different angle and at different time from the launch vehicle in order to prevent collision between satellites. The satellites will be placed in an orbit 505km above the Earth. In less than 600 seconds all 101 satellites will be released into space each travelling at a velocity of over 27,000 km per hour or at 40 times the speed of an average passenger airliner. The weight of all the satellites at launch will be around 1,378 kg.
The three Indian satellites are Cartosat-2 series weighing 730 kg as primary payload, INS-IA and INS-1B, totally weighing 30 kg. These satellites carry a total of four payloads from the Space Applications Centre (SAC) and Laboratory for Electro Optics Systems (LEOS) of ISRO for conducting various experiments. Of the 101 international co-passenger nano-satellites, 96 are from the US, and one each from Israel, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates. Eighty-eight of the American satellites belong to a San Francisco based start-up company Planet Inc which is sending a swarm of small satellites – 4.7 kg each.
In 2016, ISRO launched 20 satellites in one go where as today ISRO set a record by launching 104 satellites in one go.